Bucknell Shropshire SY7 Event – Sunday 7th January

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This event will be held on 70 acres of undetected pasture.

This event is in a great area in Bucknell that is only 7.7 miles from Roman Leintwardine

The settlement of Bucknell was first mentioned in the Domesday Book, as ‘Buckehale’ or ‘Buckenhill. At the time of the Domesday survey, the Shropshire and Herefordshireboundary divided the village. The Norman magnate Roger de Montgomery held the village from the King. He built many castles including Montgomery, Shrewsbury, Ludlow, Clun, Hopton and Oswestry; at the time over 90 per cent of the lordships and manors of Shropshire were held in Chief by him. His under-tenants in this area were Ralph de Mortimer, who held Bucknell (amongst his 123 manors with his chief domain in England being at Wigmore Castle), and William de Picot, (also known as Picot de Say), with his chief domain at Clun Castle.

The earth mound at The Olde Farm in Bucknell is the remains of a Norman motte castle situated on the banks of the River Redlake, close to a river crossing point and to the Parish Church. In 1554–55 an Act of Parliament was passed transferring the whole of Bucknell to the county of Shropshire. The Lords of the Manor at that time were the Sitwell family.

Historically, most of the male population worked in agriculture and timber.

Roman

A popular misconception is that the Romans called the village Branogenium. Branogenium in fact refers to a Roman fort roughly ¼ of a mile south of the village. The Roman name for Leintwardine was actually Bravonium. The High Street in Leintwardine is on the same line as the Roman road known (to the English) as Watling Street. (The modern-day street in the village named Watling Street runs to the east of the original Watling Street, roughly on the alignment of the eastern edge of the Roman settlement.)

The name Bravonium, as it appears in the Antonine Itinerary (Iter XII), is derived from the Celtic word for quern. This suggests that there was either a hill or rock formation here that looked like a quern, or that there were quern quarries nearby. In the Upper Silurian series, the Leintwardine beds outcrop in the area and these consist of a calcareous sandstone which would have been suitable for making querns of a finer grade than could be obtained from Millstone grit, which was commonly used. Querns of this calcareous sandstone have been found at Viroconium.

Herefordshire historian Duncan Brown has argued that Leintwardine performed the role of a trading post and outpost early in the Roman conquest of Britain. It is commonly accepted that a mansio was constructed in Leintwardine. The archaeological excavations at the W. & C.A. Griffiths site prior to the construction of a modern warehouse in the early 1990s discovered Roman baths, which further points to Leintwardine being a “travel lodge” of Roman Britain.

The construction of a rampart in around 170 AD (ranging up to two metres tall), and still visible in places around Leintwardine, is thought by local historians to be the result of one of two events. The argument currently in retreat is that following a local uprising the Romans evicted all locals and constructed a rampart and palisade. The preferred line is that the ramparts were built following widespread local unrest to protect the mansio and the baths, which serviced Roman cavalry forts to the north, south and north-west. There exists a Roman praetorium/principia one mile southwest of Leintwardine atop Brandon Hill, believed to have contained a storage depot, regimental HQ, latrines and cookhouse. Aerial photographs as early at the middle 1950s showed circular crop marks within the confines of the hill fort. Much of the site’s earthworks still exist and Brandon Hill remains an impressive sight.

Roman forts also existed nearby to Leintwardine at Jay Lane and Buckton.

Graves dug in Leintwardine’s church, St Mary Magdalene, to a depth of 8 ft show a clear strata level of broken pottery sherds and charcoal, evidence of burning. This is in line with the historical thought that Roman Leintwardine burnt down much like the nearby Roman towns of Magnis, (Kenchester) and Ariconium (Weston-under-Penyard).

Medieval

Leintwardine is listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 as “Lenteurde”, and was recorded as being a large settlement for its time. Its name is apparently derived from the Celtic name for the River Teme – formerly known as the Lent which means simply ‘torrent, stream’ – coupled with the Old English word ‘enclosure’, later replaced by wording ‘enclosed settlement’. The modern name therefore means ‘the enclosed settlement on the River Lent’.

Exterior
Interior
Leintwardine Church, photographed in the 1910s by Percy Benzie Abery

Leintwardine was a hundred at the time of Domesday Book, which was regarded as a Shropshire hundred and which spanned north into present-day Shropshire (along the vicinity of the Roman road towards Wroxeter) as well as south into present-day Herefordshire. This hundred did not survive long after Domesday, and the village and other places in the hundred’s southern half later in medieval times formed part of the new Herefordshire hundred of Wigmore, whilst by the end of the 12th century the northern half had become parts of the new Shropshire hundreds of Purslow and (to a lesser degree) Munslow.

Roger Mortimer, the Earl of March, paramour of Edward II’s Queen Isabella and usurper of the young Edward III’s kingship, founded a collegiate chantry at Leintwardine and built the Mortimer Chapel at the church of St Mary Magdalene, now known as the Lady Chapel, where prayers could be said for the souls of his family. It was to the chapel that in September and November 1353 Edward III made pilgrimages, laying a cloth of gold at the feet of the statue of the Virgin Mary on the occasion of his September visit.

 

IMPORTANT NOTICE REGARDING ALL LET’S GO DIGGING EVENTS

Please note: We expect all finds to be shown for photographing, all items considered treasure for the finder to provide identification and a contact number. Whilst it is not our responsibility to report items of treasure found on our digs, we will advise the finder to do so and expect confirmation it has been done. And finds of this nature not reported will result in the finders details being passed to the relevant authority.

The event will start at 9am after a short briefing so please arrive between 8am and 8.45am. Digging finishes at 4.30pm. Parking will be on hardstanding.

There will be no catering at this event so please bring food and refreshments with you.

If you can no longer attend after registering for the event please UN REGISTER, failure to do so can result in you being blocked from all future LGD events.

Non paid members £20
Paid members with a membership card £15
Under 16s free (no need to register)

Bucknell Shropshire Sunday 7th January

Description:

Registration opens at 24-11-2017 16:56

Registration closes at 06-01-2017 18:00

Max Participants: 70

Registered Users:

  1. ColC73
  2. Peterthegreat
  3. granv
  4. RB47
  5. Seaglass
  6. PaulNewman
  7. boycey71
  8. chris0751
  9. Martyn
  10. Grimscorpio
  11. Carl2017
  12. Richardk
  13. Charliefletch
  14. silverfox60
  15. DalejonesVI
  16. Grahamjt
  17. Dobbi
  18. M.w.t
  19. [email protected]
  20. paul300i
  21. Scottwilliams
  22. Dsgreen
  23. imehufc
  24. R2T2
  25. cloddigger
  26. RobertBolt
  27. dnaceltic
  28. moira
  29. Hawkeye
  30. jimjh
  31. Lammy
  32. Bubsy
  33. Baza
  34. bertrum
  35. Webber
  36. Telboy797
  37. BartWrx
  38. Stretch
  39. Alterrain
  40. JohnElder

Registration is currently closed.

Comments

  1. Profile photo of linda perfect

    linda perfect

    07/12/2017

    Hello. Is registration closed at 40 participants? Says seventy on the details at the top? Thankyou

  2. Profile photo of Doug f

    Doug f

    08/12/2017

    Would also like to attend this dig with wife Jindaf, it should read Lindaf but I goofed up 😕 is there a reason why it’s closed at 40 participants.

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