AT LAST! Lets Go Digging are heading into Essex and the first dig in this area for 2018 is very near Ingatestone and Fryerning. On Sunday the 14th January we have 100 acres of pasture land to detect in an area of Saxon inhabitation.
The Dig will commence at 09:00 and finish at 16:30 and we will have FULL CATERING on this event. HARDSTANDING AVAILABLE!
Ingatestone (anciently Ingerston, Ingerstone, Ingarston, Ingaston, etc.) was stablished in Saxon times on the Essex Great Road (now the A12) running between the two Roman towns of Londinium (London) and Camulodunum (Colchester).
The name is derived from the Middle English Yenge-atte-Stone. Latinised as Ginge ad Petram, meaning parcel of land at the stone. It was also recorded in the form ‘Gynge atte Stone’ in 1430.
Stone is not prevalent in the local geology making the village’s stone, deposited by glacial action, unusual for the area. A large Sarsen stone can still be seen, split into three pieces, with one being located by the west door of the St Edmund and St Mary’s parish church and one each side of the entrance to Fryerning Lane.
Ingatestone belonged to Barking Abbey from about 950 AD until the Dissolution of the Monasteries, when it was purchased from the Crown by Sir William Petre. Petre, originally a lawyer from Devon, had risen to become the Secretary of State to Henry VIII. He built a large courtyard house, Ingatestone Hall, as his home in the village, along with almshouses which still exist today as private cottages in Stock Lane.
By the time of the Domesday Book in 1086, Fryerning and Ingatestone (Inga) were recorded as being in the Hundred of Chelmsford.
Fryerning is a small village situated approximately 1.5 miles north of Ingatestone in Essex, England. The Parish Church ‘St. Mary the Virgin’ on Blackmore Road dates back from the 11th century, with a 15th-century brick tower and the area has several large woodlands populated by substantial deer herds.
St. Mary the Virgin Parish Church, Fryerning
A Brief History of the church
In England’s Thousand Best Churches (1999) Simon Jenkins writes, ‘we could be nowhere but Essex. The church sits on a small eminence attended by a grove of Scots pines amid open fields.
Prior to the Norman conquest, a large area south west of Chelmsford was known as Gigingas or Gegingas. This included the syllable ‘ing’ meaning possession and is seen in the names of Ingatestone, Fryerning, Margaretting, Mountnessing and Ingrave. It appears that the Normans divided up the territory and Ingatestone and Fryerning were known collectively as Ging-at-the-stone. Fryerning was given to Robert de Gernon, whose grandson Gilbert Montfitchet granted half the manor of Ginges, together with the church, to the Knights Hospitallers of Jerusalem. The Knights Hospitallers were suppressed in 1540 by Henry V111. The area became the property of Sir William Banners, a royal auditor. It became known as Ging Berners or Ging Fryerne, a reference to the Knights Hospitalers who were known as fratres of friars. In the late 16th century part of the area became the possession of the De Vere family, Earls of Oxford. Thee generations later, William Berner’s great grandson sold Fryerning to Sir Nicholas Wadham. He married Dorothy, daughter of William Petre. This couple founded Wadham College in Oxford. The college have been patrons of the church since 1620 and were involved in the appointment of the present incumbent.
The nave is the oldest part of the building, dating from the 11th century. It is constructed of pudding stone, together with courses of flint and quartz peddles and are three feet thick. There are also occasional courses of Roman tiles. It is know there was a Roman villa in the parish. There are five rounded Norman windows, one bricked up and only visible from the outside.
The font is finely carved from Caen stone from Normandy, where it was probably made. It is 12th century. It has iron staple marks on the top to show it could be locked so that the holy water could not be stolen. These were ordered to be fitted in 1236. It is possible that this font, together with two similar ones at Little Lavers and Abbess Roding, were given to the churches by Matilda, mother of Henry 11. She is known to have given generously to churches and these three churches were all connected with relations or friends of hers. The design on the font are on the north face a Vine, the west a Cross and Crown, on the east a tree of Jesse and the south the Sun, Moon and Stars.
The brick tower was constructed in the early 16th century by the Knights Hospitalers, replacing an earlier wooden one. The bricks are almost certainly of local origin. Two local fields are still known as Brick Kiln Field and Brick Clamp Field. Technical evidence strongly points to the tower having been constructed under Girolamo de Trevizi, architect to Henry V111.
The six bells date from the 16th century. The oldest is the second, made in 1590 by Robert Mot.
So the history is all there for our dig, DONT MISS IT!
The Dig will commence at 09:00 and finish at 16:30 and we will have FULL CATERING on this event.
PLEASE REGISTER BELOW IF YOU WISH TO ATTEND THIS EVENT. IF FOR ANY REASON YOU NEED TO CANCEL, PLEASE ENSURE YOU REMOVE YOUR NAME FROM THE LIST.
FAILURE TO REMOVE YOUR DETAILS OR NOTIFY THE ORGANISERS WILL RESULT IN YOUR REMOVAL FROM LET’S GO DIGGING THE GROUP AND ALL FUTURE DIGS.
Ingatestone 14th January 2018
We can only accept more registrations if you are car sharing. If you would like to be added and can car share please message Joanne Boyce or comment on here to be added. Thank you
Registration opens at 04-12-2017 17:52
Registration closes at 11-01-2018 22:00
Max Participants: 110
- [email protected]
Registration is currently closed.